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9/23/15

The Different Between Al-fitr and Al-adha Holidays

Q:
My question is not about Arabic Language but about Arabic culture. What is the different between Eid Al-fitr and Eid Al-Adha? Don't they both come after pilgrimage season?
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A:
Actually, not both of them come after pilgrimage season. However, both are holy accessions that celebrated by Muslims worldwide each year.




Eid Al-Fitr, also called Feast of Breaking the Fast and the Lesser Eid, marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting (10th month in Islamic calendar). The religious Eid is a single day during which Muslims are not permitted to fast. As you see, Ramadan is just a month of fasting, not a pilgrimage season in per se. However, many Muslims like to visit Makkah in that month to perform something called Umrah (a very short version of pilgrim) to gain blessing and great reward.
 different between Eid Al-fitr and Eid Al-adha festivals
Eid Al-Adha, also called the Feast of Sacrifice and the Greater Eid, honors the willingness of Abraham (Ibrahim) to sacrifice his son, as an act of submission to God's command, before God then intervened, through his angel Jibra'il and informs him that his sacrifice has already been accepted. Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah (the last month in Islamic calendar) and lasts for four days. In the international (Gregorian) calendar, the dates vary from year to year, drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year. This day actually comes right after the day of pilgrim (Hajj) where pilgrims have spent the whole day (9th of Dhu al-Hijjah) worshiping Allah and perform ritual deeds.
 different between Eid Al-fitr and Eid Al-adha festivals
What is special about Eid Al-fitr is that Muslim should give a charity (Zakat) to poor people. This charity (Zakat) can be money or wheat, dates..etc. Of course, poor Muslims don't give this charity, instead they receive it.




 different between Eid Al-fitr and Eid Al-adha festivals
However, in Eid Al-Adha, Muslims are recommended to sacrifice animal (usually Lamb) if they can afford, to copy what prophet Abraham (Ibrahim) did. It is also recommended that Muslims divide this sacrificed meat into three parts; one for their family, one as gift to their friends and one to poor people.
 different between Eid Al-fitr and Eid Al-adha festivals
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